Jin Sinan’s information: my country’s unique precious wood

Jin Sinan is known as the precious wood unique to China. The crystals in the golden silkwood are significantly more than ordinary Nanwood. The surface of the wood is glittering in the sun and the golden silk emerges, so it is named Jin Si Nan. Let’s take a look at Jin Si Nan in detail ~

Jin Sinan’s information: 1. Jin Si Nan’s introduction

Jin Si Nan It is a precious wood unique to China. Representative species Nanmu (scientific name: S. Lee): Originally called “Yannan”. Big Joe, up to 30 meters, the trunk is straight. Small branches are usually thinner, with edges or near -cylindrical, and are gray -yellow or gray -brown pour or short.葉革質,橢圓形,長7-11厘米,寬2.5-4厘米,上面光亮無毛或沿中脈下半部有柔毛,下面密被短柔毛,聚傘狀圓錐花序十分開展,被毛, Each umbrella inflorescence has 3-6 flowers, large flowers, 3-4 mm long. The fruit is oval, leather, closely attached, and the two sides are brutal or pilose outside. Flower period from April to May, fruiting period from September to October.

Wild or cultivated; wild ones are more common in broad -leaved forests below 1500 meters above sea level. It is mainly produced in the provinces of Sichuan, western Hubei, Yunnan, Guizhou and south of the Yangtze River. According to records, among all golden nanmu, Sichuan’s golden silk Nannan material is the best. It is a national second -level protection plant in China.

The wood has aroma, straight texture and fine structure, not easy to deform and crack, and is excellent wood such as architecture and advanced furniture. In history, the buildings and furniture of the Royal Palace and a few temples in history. The crystals in the golden silk nanmu are obviously more than ordinary Nanwood. The surface of the wood is glittering in the sun, the golden silk emerges, and there is a light and fragrant fragrance.

Jin Sinan is a pan -nanmu (including frame Nan, Zinan, Fujian Nan, Runnan, etc.) with golden silk and satin -like light phenomenon in some materials. The silk is called Jin Si Nan, and in ancient and modern, Jin Sinan was the alias of Zinan

2. Jin Sinan’s plant form
Jin Sinan’s original. The ecological plant is a large tree, up to 30 meters, and the trunk is straight. The bud scales are gray -yellow and long hair. Small branches are usually thinner, with edges or near -cylindrical, and are gray -yellow or gray -brown pour or short. Leaf leather quality, oval, less lanceolate or inverted lanceolate, 7-11 (13) centimeters long, 2.5-4 cm wide, apex gradually sharp, pointed or sickle-shaped, base wedge-shaped, the end of the end or pointed sharpness The top of the upper part or the lower half of the middle pulse is pilose, the bottom is densely piloted, the veins are piloted, and the middle pulse is trapped in the trench on the top. Stretching, the top is not obvious, the bottom is obvious, the near -edge net knot, and gradually disappear. The horizontal veins are slightly or unknown below. The small veins are almost invisible. The grid; the petiole is thin, 1-2.2 cm long, and the hair.

GatheringUmbrella-shaped cone inflorescence is very developed, with hair, long (6) 7.5-12 cm, slender, branches above the middle, the bottom branches are usually 2.5-4 cm long, and 3-6 flowers are flowers per umbrella. Generally It is 5 flowers; the flowers are large, 3-4 mm long, flower stems and flowers are long; the flowers are nearly equal to large, 3-3.5 mm long, 2-2.5 mm wide, ovate in the outer wheel, ovate-ovate and round shape of the inner wheels. , Apertonary, two sides are gray -yellow or short -wrapped, and the inside is dense; the first and second rounds of the filaments are about 2 mm long, and the third round is 2.3 mm long. , Degenerate triangle, with handle, hairy; sub -room -shaped, hairless or upper half of the flower pillars, softened hair, stigma plate shape.

The fruit oval, 1.1-1.4 cm long, 6-7 mm in diameter; fruit stems slightly thickened; the prestigious flowers are ovate, leather, tightly attached, and the two sides are brutal or micro-outside. Big hair. Flower period from April to May, fruiting period from September to October.

3. The growth habits and origin of Jin Si Nan

Jin Si Nan is a warm and humid environment, but heat resistance and cold. The average annual temperature of the origin is about 17 ° C, and the annual rainfall is 1400-1600 mm. It is mostly distributed in the wet valleys, mountain depression and river ditch, which can tolerate intermittent short-term flooding. The neutral or slightly acidic seductive soil or the soil of the soil layer is the best. Nanmu is a neutral partial yin tree, and the age of shades resist. Its main roots are obvious, the side roots are developed, and the roots can grow into large diameter materials.

Golden Silknan belongs to the shade -resistant tree species, which often grows poorly under full light. Pleasant warm and humid climate and more humid environment. Deep root, strong budding, slow growth. long life.

Jin Siunan grew from the subtropical wet valleys and rivers by the subtropical wet valleys and rivers, which are 1,000 to 1500 meters above sea level. Among them, the best quality is mainly distributed in Sichuan Sichuan, Emeishan, and places where Sichuan and Yunnan. It is mainly distributed in the wet valleys, mountains and rivers in the subtropical area of u200bu200b1000-1500 meters above sea level in Sichuan and Guizhou.

Fourth, the wood quality of Jin Si Nan

According to the original “Museum to Lay”, Volume 15 “Various Woods” included: “Nanmu” The Yuezhang and Huguang Yungui counties are at are high, as long as dozens of feet, as large as dozens of circumference, and saw it very fragrant. There are also several kinds of Yang Nan; Huang, Chan Rujin is the best; one is to water, and the color is slightly green and soft. Today’s inner palace and the palace are more selected from the san material as the pillar beam, which can also make various utensils. The length of the group. “The second kind of nanmu mentioned above is Jin Si Nan; Jin Si Nan is known as the national wood.

Golden silk Nanmu is the highest quality door in Nanmu, because the resources are rare and growing extremely slow. Since ancient times, it has been a symbol of royal cultural symbols, known as “Emperor Wood”.”Museum to Lay” records “the golden silk is out of the Sichuan stream, the wood grain has golden silk, and the nanmu is beautiful”.

Nanmu’s light orange yellow is slightly gray, the wood is warm and smooth, delicate and delicate, and the texture is elegant and quiet, and some show landscape or tabby pattern. Among them, the ultimate beauty, Xiaoye Nannan, is Jin Si Nan. In the sun, the golden light is glittering, and it is noble and gorgeous.

Those who are beautiful in Nanmu may form the patterns of landscapes at Xiangyang. The wood is hard and corrupt, and since ancient times, “water cannot be soaked, ants cannot be acupoint”. Growth is slow, and its growth rules have made the large device late. The golden stage of strong growth requires hundreds of years, becoming at least two hundred years of beams. Mainly produced in Sichuan is a precious wood in China and is a national -level protected species. The imperial materials of the court of the Ming and Qing dynasties were collected in Sichuan, Guizhou and other places.

Fifth, the material classification of Jin Si Nan


Jin Si Nan’s texture is rich and varied, plus its unique unique to its unique, plus its unique ones The change of shadow (the wood is divided into two sides of the yin and yang, and the different angles are different). The value is proportional to the texture. The more beautiful and scarce the texture, the higher the value. There are at least 35 textures, which are roughly divided into five levels: ordinary, medium -level, high -quality, best and treasures.

Ordinary grades are: golden silk, cloth pattern, and mountain peak patterns

medium -level patterns include: ordinary water ripples, new ingredients black tiger leather patterns, golden peak patterns, and formation of painting meaning Peak patterns and so on.

Boutique texture is: old ingredients black tiger leather, golden tiger leather pattern, golden line pattern, gold ingot pattern, cloud color pattern, water drop pattern, water blisters, etc.

The best texture is: the best water waves and the best wave pattern, the phoenix, dense water droplets, golden chrysanthemum patterns, sesame dotted beef, and Ding Nanyun clouds.

The texture of the treasures is: dragon gangbang, dragon -scale pattern, golden jade full of pattern, rose pattern, grape patterns, and the texture of beautiful scenery, birds and beast patterns.


First: corrosion resistance. It can be buried in the ground for thousands of years without rotting, so the emperor’s coffin mostly uses golden silk.

Second: insect -proof. Golden silk Nanmu has the aroma of nanmu, and its wooden box cabinets store clothing books and calligraphy can avoid insects, so the royal book boxes are set up golden silk nanmu. In modern times, there are very important books and souvenirs. Essence

Third: It is not cold in winter. Nanmu is used to make bed couchs in the palace. It is not cold in winter, not hot in summer, and does not hurt the body, while other hardwood does not have this excellent characteristic.

Fourth: It is not easy to deform and rarely cracks.

Fifth: The texture is fine and magnificent, exquisite. Golden silkwood is gentle and soft, with delicate texture and delicate texture.

When the golden silk nanmu is in the small seedlings, the leaves are smaller than the leaves of the big tree, the color is green, with light, and the leaves are short and regular.The best golden nans have the smallest, finest and thinnest leaves, and the most delicate wood.The edge of the leaves is slightly yellow.Golden silk seeds are purple when they are on the tree. After being picked and dried, it is yellow. The seeds have a pointed shape and the other shield type. The seed skin is not thick.Small golden silk nanmu trees are not inaccurate or sow.Because there are fewer and less wood in golden wood, and its wood value is also increasing, it can be used for high -quality wood or as viewing trees.