1. The difference between the tangled lotus and the tangled peony pattern
The tangled pattern originated in the Han Dynasty, and prevailed in the Northern and Southern Dynasties, Sui, Tang, Song Yuan, and Ming and Qing Dynasties. In the Ming Dynasty, it was called “rotation”. The plant’s branches or vines were used as skeleton, which extended up and down, left and right, forming a wave -line dilateral continuous or Quartet continuous. Together lotus, tangled peony, and tangled grass vines belong to this type. The tangled pattern is called “tangled peony”; the lotus and grapes are called “tangled lotus” and “tangled grapes”.
2. [What is the difference between green algae and seaweed balls? ]
The green algae ball is ordinary algae, and the ball shape is artificial. Marimo is a unique creature of Lake Akan, Japan, which is born in spherical growth. The price difference between the two is very far, Marimo has grown slowly, and it is not too much for decades.
Hope to adopt
The green algae ball is the seaweed ball, just the name is different.
The seaweed ball is commonly known as green algae. Chinese name: 罗 罗, Roman: Marimo, English name Marimo, is the only spherical green algae in the world. It grows in the northern hemisphere. It is a commemorative object of the famous Tamsui Lake in Hokkaido, Japan. Green ball algae is a kind of freshwater algae, so the “seaweed ball” is not reasonable, but because it has a happy meaning, many people still call it “happy seaweed ball”. Green ball algae belongs to the green ball algae in the plant world, green algae gate, green algae, green algae, green algae, and green algae.
Green ball algae is a single-cell green algae, which has chloroplasts and cell walls. It grows in a single or aggregate way. The cell size in the group is about 2-8 μm. Cells are gallery cell walls. Its chloroplast is cup -shaped, and it usually has 1 protein core. Green ball algae is generally produced in fresh water, often in water bodies with rich organic matter, and sometimes it can be found on humid soil, rocks, and trunks. It has a large amount of reproduction under artificial cultivation, and the spring and autumn seasons are the high output of green algae. The protein contained in green algae cells is very abundant, and it can reach about 50%of the dry weight. It is a good source of production of plant -based protein.
3. What are the names of traditional Chinese classical patterns?
The Chinese traditional classical pattern names are: Dragon and Phoenix Chengxiang, Xixi Bao Sanyuan, Heyan Tongchun, Tongzi Guizi, Erlong Opera Pearl, Taiping Elephant, Golden Fish, Hi Lianke, Golden Yumantang, Hehe Er two Xian, Sanyang Kaitai and so on.
1. Dragon and Phoenix Chengxiang
In the traditional Chinese auspicious pattern, Dragon and Phoenix is u200bu200ba very beautiful one. On the screen, dragons and phoenix each live in half. The dragon is a dragon, opened his mouth, and looks back at the phoenix; the phoenix is u200bu200bXiangfeng, showing his wings and tail, lifting the dragon. The surrounding Ruiyun Duo Duo, a peaceful spirit.
2. Hi Bao Sanyuan
Xiyu Sanyuan is a picture of magpies and three longan, by taking the first of the magpieThe word “Yuan” of the word and three laurels means.
3. The elephant elephant
The Taiping image is a traditional Chinese auspicious pattern. Taiping has the meaning of the world’s peace and grain Feng Deng. The bottle is the same as Ping. Therefore, the auspicious pattern is often drawn with a treasure bottle, and flowers are also decorated in the bottle.
4. Hehe Erxian
“Hehe Erxian” is a typical symbolic image in China, and the significance of “family harmony, happy marriage” has been deeply rooted in the past century. The fairy “is also given a new symbolic meaning. It is a symbol of” harmonious society “, a symbol of” harmonious society “, and a symbol of” peaceful world “.
5. 子 [
鸳, the name of the water bird, the feather color is beautiful, it is said that the crickets are rushing to swim, and the male and female will cover the neck at night. In the old days, literary works were often used to metaphorize husband and wife loving.
Yang Lotus pattern
Cover the lotus pattern
Yang Lotus pattern
Dark Eight Immortals
I do n’t know which one is
Dragon and phoenix is u200bu200bauxiliary, two dragon drama beads, fish and dragons changes, pine cranes are prolonged, tortoise cranes are the same age, turtle cranes are the same age. The crane deer is in the same spring, happy on the eyebrows, the three friends in the year, the three yuan, the three yuan in the middle of the middle, the Fulu Shouxi, the five blessings, the blessing of the longevity, the blessing of the blessing, the blessing of the blessing , Blessing to the soul, flowing clouds and blessings, Samsung Gao Zhao, peace of mind, more than year, safe, immediately sealed, Tai Lion, lion, Babao Lianchun, Eight Immortals crossed the sea, Magu Xianshu, stars to live, stepping on the snow to find Mei, Boya fell into the piano, brought the piano to visit friends, the pearls were together, Yutang was rich, Jin Yutang,
teaching the son to become famous, the official adds officials, Chang’e ran to the moon, the heavenly girl scattered flowers, all the birds’ life, the birds facing the phoenix, the phoenix wears peony, the phoenix wears peony,
Lion hydrangea, Baizi Dragon Lantern, Bai Zi Lantern Festival, Four Concubine Sixteen Son, and so on.
Other decoration names include: tangled lotus, treasure phase flowers, tangled peony, pheasant peony, fish algae patterns, Bagu text, back shape patterns, banana leaf patterns, ribbon piping , Dragon pattern, unicorn pattern, Tianma pattern, four artistic patterns, six art patterns, eight -jun pattern
Yang Lotus pattern
Cover the lotus pattern
123] Wandering flowers
Dark Eight Immortals
Yang Lotus Equipment
Covering lotus pattern [123 ] Lotus pattern
Ancient Chinese society, rulers to ensure the ideal social ethical order and The perfect construction system often formulates a set of rules or legal terms, which requires that people are in the societyThe differences in status in political life to determine the form and scale of the building that they can use. This is what we call the architectural hierarchy system. In the long development of ancient Chinese buildings, the hierarchical system also left its unique mark. Whether it is the organizational principles of Chinese cities, settlements, and residential space, or the development and evolution of ancient architectural forms, or in the process of formation of building materials and decorations and certain characteristics of architecture, traces of the participation of the building level system can be found.
1 The development of the architectural hierarchy -from religion to worldly
According to archeological excavations, in the early days of Chinese slave society, different buildings with different service objects have different. There are also differences such as using rammed soil to start the table, lime noodle decoration. This difference shows the occurrence of the construction level system in the future. In the Zhou Dynasty, the hierarchical system has become one of the fundamental systems of the country, and it is manifested in the form of “ritual”. The building is roughly stipulated in terms of type, size, quantity and color. These regulations are determined in accordance with the requirements of the highest rulers, and they do not comply with these regulations, which is to challenge the authority of the emperor. The provisions of the Zhou Dynasty architectural level system are basically based on the requirements of religious activities. For example, Mingtang is a place unique to the emperor’s power of heaven. Some of its iconic components, such as “Four”, are to show their special “ability” to the world. In terms of color, because of its relationship with fire and blood, it has been a color of special witchcraft since ancient times, so it has the provisions of “楹, Tianzidan”.
The Warring States Period was an era of “ritual and law falling on the ground” and “no way in the world”, but it did not have a building level system that was abandoned. It can be seen from the literature record that at this time, the architectural hierarchy has changed from a ritual form to the form of etiquette and law, and has been implemented accordingly. However, its content has changed to a certain amount, mainly manifested in two aspects. The first is that the specified terms have not changed, and the specific building changes. For example, Zongmiao needs to be composed of multiple independent buildings in Zhou. In the Warring States Period, only one main building is needed. Second, new rules have been made due to the emergence of new situations. For example, in the Zhou Dynasty, “只” was only used in the emperor and the princes, and ordinary officials could be used in the Han Dynasty, but in different forms, the general officials used a puppet, and the emperor used three.
The literature chapter of the construction level system of the Tang Dynasty was relatively complete, which also reflected the attention of the ruling class at that time from one side. Different from the Zhou Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty required the palace system to be different from the emperor to the people, which was very different from Zhou’s “ritual”. In the architectural level system of the Tang Dynasty, religious meaning weakened, and began to change to the world. Pay more attention to the volume and related aspects of the building, and pay more attention to the control of the building group, showing the form and the form and the form of the building. The emphasis on neighborhood relations.
The Song and Yuan Dynasties basically followed the Tang system, and the emperor of Zhu surnamed in the Ming Dynasty, who was orthodox by the Han nationality and emphasized the Confucian ritual system.Amendment and supplement. The construction level system of the Ming Dynasty intentionally increased the difference between the royal family and the average person. The Ming Dynasty architecture was more inclined to secularize. Although the early Ming Dynasty had stipulated that the patterns such as dragons and phoenixes, sun and moon in general buildings, but if you study these carefully, these these these these are studied these. The pattern will find that even these patterns have gradually changed from the wonderful surprise to approachable people, from extension to showing, from Weiyan to graceful, losing the spirit of the wind. It can be considered that at this time, people pay more attention to the artistic value of these patterns instead of their original mysterious religious meaning.
The construction level system of the Qing Dynasty can be considered as a supplement to the Ming Dynasty system. It is more concerned and determined to the proportional relationship between each part of the building group, and the image of the building group is more fixed. The Palace Museum in Beijing reached the peak of art in this regard, and the consideration of volume and spatial relationship was very deep. In general, the development of ancient Chinese architectural hierarchies has undergone many changes from rough to meticulous, from religion to worldly customs, from multiple symbols to more artistic effects. development changes. On the other hand, this strict regulation limits the creativity of craftsmen to a certain extent, stifled the enthusiasm of their flexible creation, so that the overall development of the building has stagnated and entered the journey of obsession. This is also one of the reasons for the form of Chinese classical architecture and lack of innovation.
2 Cultural core of the architectural level system -the unity of pursuit of goodness and beauty
Whether it is a record of literature or the research on the physical objects, it can be seen that the content and shape of various buildings in ancient China in ancient China can be seen. The standards are derived from the basic specifications of “Li”. The Qing Dynasty’s “Chao Temple Palace Exam” said: “Learning the ceremony and the system of the ancient palace room, the second and fell in and out of the man, which is not clear. Essence So, what is “ritual”? “The Book of Rites · Fang Ji” said: “The husband and the ceremony, so Zhang suspects that the people think that the people are imitators. The behavior of living and living space is the core of the level of residence.
In ancient Chinese society, Confucian ethics has the greatest impact on future generations. It has always been the basis for the overall orientation of Chinese culture. Guidelines for life and behavior. This is also fully reflected in the building, and it is obviously manifested in the ritualization of the building. China is known as the “state of etiquette”. In the long feudal society, the ruler of the past ages has taken the ritual system as the standard for the rules, and of course, the building is no exception. The levels are strict and meticulous. Based on the grade of etiquette, it is not difficult to understand how the purple banned city is in an orderly and clear layout. The structure and image of the architecture itself are associated with the norms of politics and humanity, and believes that this is in heaven. Therefore, the architectural hierarchy is not optional, but the “inner” requirements of the building. Essence
The layout of ancient Chinese architecture was based on the ritual of Confucianism and the gift of men and women. The provisions of the ritual systems have continued to quote the classics and enrich the auspiciousness, so that the unified pursuit of “ritual” and goodness and beauty in many aspects. Specific analysis affects the following aspects.
2.1 levels of cities, settlements, and levels of residential areas in the city. In “Spring and Autumn Ceremony”, the level of the city has made clear rules: “(City) Tianzi Jiuli, Gong Qili, Hou Wuli, Son and Male”. There are similar records in other classics. Different residential areas in cities also have different levels. The imperial city is located in the most important position, next to the noble areas, with distinctive colors and exquisite architecture. Then around the dark, low civilian districts, fully setting out the honorable position of the emperor. This also reflects the ideas of the capital construction of “Building the City with Wei Jun and Building Guo” in “Wu Yue Spring and Autumn”.
2.2 levels and order of residential space. The relationship between single buildings in ancient Chinese buildings has not only functional and visual requirements, but also designed according to etiquette. There are many records in the Book of Rites. For example, the stage system, “The emperor’s hall is nine feet, the princes are seven feet, the doctor is five feet, and the scholars are three feet”, and so on. In residential buildings, due to the different service objects, the building is expanded according to the three outlines and five constant interpersonal relationships. The corresponding size, location, and decoration are different, so that the building group can ideally reflect the political order and ethical norms. As a result, the main combination is clear, and the sense of order in a single direction is emphasized. Because of this gives each level of residence in common criteria and basis, they need to express the content of the same ceremony of residence, so they are “homogeneous”, such as the spatial structure of the courtyard house as the same structure in Beijing. This homogeneous phenomenon is also reflected between the same level of residence in different regions.
2.3 The difference between the structure and decorative standards of each level of residential space. The division of the hierarchical system in this regard is the most detailed, and it has clearly stipulated the roof, algae well, bucket arch, door, decoration, etc. For example, “Tang Liu Dian” stipulates that “the house below the prince is reluctant to re -architazar, and the halls above the three grades are not willing to have five nine frames, the two ends of the hall, and the door house must not be able to pass five and five. The door house must not be over three and five, and it is still through the gate of Wu Tou … “This standardized implementation makes the residence of each level generally point up, as long as the size and space volume are different, the relationship between its internal space is the same or similar. This enhances the universality of the building space. Therefore, some people think that the ancient Chinese monolithic building space and shape are not targeted. In the same space, putting bed and bedding are bedrooms. The layout or appearance of the house itself achieves the performance of personality, and it mainly relies on various decoration, decoration and furnishings to form the style that it should have. “
Ancient China was a ritual society, the ethicalization of architecture, the ethicalization of architecture, the ethicalization of the building, and the ethicalization of the building, and the ethicalization of the building, and the ethicalization of the building. OrderThe goal of architectural design pursuit, in turn, its effect is strengthened by the politeness of the building. one.
The impact of the 3 -level system on the evolution of architectural forms
Due to a deep cultural foundation and respect for Confucianism, the architectural hierarchy has always affected the development and progress of architectural forms in Chinese history. On the one hand, strict regulations have limited the changes in architectural forms. On the other hand, people continue to break through the restrictions on the basis of identifying it due to the satisfaction and display of their own purposes. It is acknowledged that the construction level system itself has changed. In this way, in order to preserve the differences in the architectural system, the ruling class has to continue to change its own architectural style to achieve the purpose of independence, so that the building becomes more complicated, gorgeous, and more detailed, especially closely related to people’s perception. Some, such as bucket arch, algae well, etc. These changes have gradually deepened people’s awareness of architecture. Looking at the history of ancient architecture, the overall image and structure of the building are limited, but the changes in the hierarchical parts such as 阙, bucket arch, Alties, etc. are relatively obvious or even excessive. The development of these special parts has gradually formed the distinctive characteristics of Chinese classical architecture, and in turn, it becomes one of the leading factors of architectural image and even structural evolution. Judging from the specific provisions of the architectural level system, it specifies the volume of buildings possessed by various people, and most of them are weak or cannot change the volume of building (people generally express themselves on special components or decorative methods, It is more difficult to change in scale), so the emperor palace room, which is not limited by the level, does not have to make breakthroughs in volume to show its uniqueness, thereby weakening the pursuit of expanding the volume of the single. This is also one of the reasons why technological innovation in this area. And since the Tang Dynasty, the scale of the single building of the Emperor’s Palace has become smaller and smaller, and the local carving is increasingly dense and gorgeous. From one side, it promotes the clear and clear architectural style of the Tang Dynasty to the complicated and gorgeous architectural style of the Qing Dynasty. Change.
Today, the feudal hierarchical system that once dominated people’s lives has disappeared, and the building has begun to pay attention to the needs of the person itself, rather than the provisions of the rules. Chinese architecture must develop, improve, and cannot leave the interaction with Chinese cultural thought. We believe that with the deepening of knowledge, the traditional understanding of architecture will increasingly show its significance to real life.
Yang Lotus pattern
Cover the lotus pattern
Yang Lotus pattern
Dark Eight Immortals
Cloud lightning pattern
4. Please explain the difference between regrettable and regretful?
It is not difficult to accurately apply regretful and regrettable. Regretful/reGretfully mostly describes a person’s state of mind, showing his feelings about an event, such as “I feel regret, regret, and misfortune.”
Regrettable/regrettably is described as one thing. That is to say, something happened is a bad thing, “regret, regret, and misfortune.”
1.She is regretful about leaving the youngren alone at home.
2.IT is a regrettable error to leave youngren alone at home.
At that time, the US fighter aircraft bombed China behind the embassy located in Belgrade. President Clinton Was Regretful About the Accident.
President Clinton regrets unexpectedly.
The American Jet Fighters Caused A Regrettable Accident.
The Tourist SPITTED on the Pavement and Didn u0026#039; T Seem regretful of his action.
The Whole Team was Saddened by the Regrettable Defeat in the Second Leg of the Semi-Final.
There is another small place to pay attention. Regretful is a T. Regrettable is two T. When using these two words in the future, as long as you understand that what is described is someone or describes something, you can distinguish which word should be used so that there will be no mistakes
regrettable adj. In sighful, unfortunately
regretful adj. Regret, sorry, regret, regretful