2022-06-28

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flowers

Cultural connotation of Bao Xianghua

1. What is the meaning of Bao Xianghua
Bao Xianghua is a decorative pattern with the meaning of “treasure” and “immortal”.
Generally, a certain flower (such as peony and lotus) is the main body. It is inlaid in the middle with different shapes and other flower leaves with different shapes and sizes. Especially at the base of the flower core and petals, the beads are arranged as rules, like the glittering orb, with a multi -layered rejuvenation, which looks rich and precious, hence the name “Bao Xianghua”.

Extended data
Baoshang flower pattern is a type of traditional decorative pattern in ancient China. It is the perfect deformation of petals, buds, and leaves from the natural image. The pattern pattern.
From the perspective of the flower shape, in addition to the lotus flowers, the characteristics of the flower phase also have the characteristics of peony flowers. The multi -level arrangement of petals makes the pattern have a graceful and gorgeous beauty. This pattern is also known as the Bao Xianghua. After the Sui and Tang dynasties, the flowers of the treasures were widely popular in the decoration of brocade, bronze mirrors, and porcelain, which contained auspicious and happy morals. It is a pattern pattern with unique national characteristics.
Reference materials Source: Baidu Encyclopedia-Baomaihua (traditional auspicious pattern)


One of the traditional decorative patterns in our country, also known as “Baoxianhua” and “Bao Huahua”. Prevalent in the Sui and Tang dynasties. According to legend, it is a decorative pattern with the meaning of “treasure” and “immortal”. The decoration composition is generally composed of some kinds of flowers (such as peony and lotus) as the main body, with different shapes and other flower and leaves in the middle with different shapes and size. Especially at the base of the flower core and petals, the beads are arranged as rules, like the glittering orb, with a multi -layered rejuvenation, which looks rich and precious, hence the name “Bao Xianghua”. In all aspects of gold and silver, Dunhuang patterns, stone carvings, fabrics, embroidery and other aspects, there are common patterns.
The theme of my country’s decoration is mainly based on the decorations of animals and geometric figures. Starting from the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties, under the influence of Buddhist decoration art, the decoration of plant and flower themes penetrated into almost all art fields including ceramic decoration, architectural decoration and metal utensil decoration.


Bao Xianghua, also known as Baoxianhua, Bao Lianhua, one of the traditional auspicious patterns of the Han nationality. One of the three treasures of auspiciousness; prevailing in the Sui and Tang dynasties in China. According to legend, it is a decorative pattern with the meaning of “treasure” and “immortal”. The decoration composition is generally composed of some kinds of flowers (such as peony and lotus) as the main body, with different shapes and other flower and leaves in the middle with different shapes and size. Especially at the base of the flower core and petals, the beads are arranged as rules, like the glittering orb, with a multi -layered rejuvenation, which looks rich and precious, hence the name “Bao Xianghua”. In all aspects of gold and silver, Dunhuang patterns, stone carvings, fabrics, embroidery and other aspects, there are common patterns.
Features:
The flower pattern of Baoshang is a type of traditional decorative pattern in ancient Chinese Han nationality. It is a pattern pattern that summarizes the perfect deformation of flowers, buds, and leaves from the natural image.
This method of processing deformation is Wei Wei, Jin,The inspiration of the fine gold technology embedded in gold and silver jewelry since the Northern and Southern Dynasties is inseparable. In the decoration of the copper wares of the Warring States Period, the pattern of patterned patterns appeared. Flowers are obvious examples. The gold and silver wares of Wei, Jin, Sui, and Tang often use the rich flowers as the specimen, and use jewelry to be embedded into rich and luxurious treasure jewelry on the contour lines of the petals, the center of the flower heart center and the outline of the flower heart. In the Tang Dynasty’s treasure flower patterns, the color method of the coloring method also absorbed the faint method of Buddhist art. It changes in a shallow set and deepen, and the shape uses the format in a folding radiation shape to make the flowers bloom, semi -open, bud with budding flowers. Combine with Beilei, flowers and leaves, etc., to form a more beautiful and rich flower that is more beautiful than the natural image -that is, the commonly known “Bao Xianghua”. Tang Dynasty treasure phase flowers are very popular decorative themes. They are widely used in various silk fabrics, crafts and architectural decorations, and the formal changes are also very rich.
Baolian, Tibetan is called “Bai Ma”. It is a symbol of Buddhist classics and Buddhist art that often refer to and seen, and take the meaning of “the world of five turbidity, no pollution”, symbolizing the purity of the Dharma. According to legend, when Shakyamuni was born, he stood on the lotus, and after the road, he took the north, walked around the tree, and one lotus. When the missionary of Shakyamuni Buddha was missionary, he sat in the lotus seat. His hands were “open like a lotus”. Buddhism admires the four virtues of the lotus, pure, soft, and cute. It is considered a mascot. This kind of admiration for lotus flowers is reflected in all aspects of Buddhist culture and becomes a symbol of beauty.


One of the traditional decorative patterns in our country, also known as “Baoxianhua” and “Bao Huahua”. Prevalent in the Sui and Tang dynasties. According to legend, it is a decorative pattern with the meaning of “treasure” and “immortal”. The decoration composition is generally composed of some kinds of flowers (such as peony and lotus) as the main body, with different shapes and other flower and leaves in the middle with different shapes and size. Especially at the base of the flower core and petals, the beads are arranged as rules, like the glittering orb, with a multi -layered rejuvenation, which looks rich and precious, hence the name “Bao Xianghua”. In all aspects of gold and silver, Dunhuang patterns, stone carvings, fabrics, embroidery and other aspects, there are common patterns.
The theme of my country’s decoration is mainly based on the decorations of animals and geometric figures. Starting from the Wei, Jin, and Northern and Southern Dynasties, under the influence of Buddhist decoration art, the decoration of plant and flower themes penetrated into almost all art fields including ceramic decoration, architectural decoration and metal utensil decoration. Buddhism has regarded lotus as a symbol of holy and auspiciousness. Since the Northern and Southern Dynasties, lotus patterns have been applied in a large number of cave decorative arts. During the Northern Dynasties, the lotus pattern of the Northern Dynasties is mainly based on realistic shapes. It is more selected to show the angle of the front. The development of this pattern has evolved to the Sui and Tang dynasties, and the shape is fuller. From the perspective of the flower shape, in addition to the lotus, there are also the characteristics of peony flowers. The multi -level arrangement of petals makes the pattern have grace and gorgeousAesthetics. This pattern is also known as the Bao Xianghua. After the Sui and Tang dynasties, the flowers of the treasures were widely popular in the decoration of brocade, bronze mirrors, and porcelain, which contained auspicious and happy morals. It is a pattern pattern with unique national characteristics. 07 Cultural Cadre’s rank symbol also uses this six -petal treasure.
2. The cultural connotation and flower language of Tang Yupu
Beautiful 菖 [. The leaves of 状 菖 are shaped like swords, and the folks call it “water sword”, saying that it can “cut thousands of evils.” The cultural meaning of this layer of exorcism and evils on the puppet make it an indispensable item when people pass the Dragon Boat Festival.


The alias of Tang Yupu is: 菖lan, Jianlan, flat bamboo lotus, ten sample brocade, Shisantaibao
Flower language is: heart, longevity, Fulu, Corning, solid solid, sturdy solid
What are the cultural connotations of the Zhonghe Festival of Yunqiu Mountain?
According to the research and excavation of experts and scholars, the connotation of Yunqiu Mountain and the cultural connotation is three elements and four prayers.
Three elements: First, reproductive worship is the root of Zhonghe Culture. Yunqiu Mountain has Fuxi Mausoleum and Nuwa Peak, which resembles the ancestors of human beings. The daughter -in -law seams, girl sewing, as well as the realistic fat dolls, the geographical mountain has completely written the reproductive image. In addition, the Babao Palace has the temple of the child, and the mother -in -law is served, and the people who pray for the devotion. The local customs of Yunqiu Mountain are eating jujube flowers, giving flowers, and crater, which has continued from the Xia Dynasty to this day, and such folk customs are also closely related to reproductive worship.
Second, the unity of Tianren is the soul of Zhonghe Culture. The mountains of Yunqiu Mountain are beautiful, clear and sweet, and there are dozens of national primary and second -level protected plants in Yunqiu Mountain. The image of Daxian, human image, and various animal stone statues all reflect the natural creation and the unity of heaven and man.
The third is that the harmonious development is the light of neutralization. Yunqiu Mountain is the three places of the three mountains of the three mountains of the Guanhe Test, the King of the King and the Confucian Confucianism in the ancient times. The local customs and people also show the integration and harmonious development of people and nature, people and society.
Four prayers: one is to pray for the wind and rain, and the grains are rich; the other is to pray for the blessing of the gods, Guotai Min’an; the third is to pray for a good marriage, and the wedding match;


The origin of the Zhonghe Festival originated in the Tang Dynasty. In the fifth year of the Zhenyuan (AD 789), the festival established by Emperor Li Shi of Tang Dezong was the sun god, land god, and land gods. God.
Yunqiu Mountain Zhonghe Cultural Festival was identified by Shanxi Province in 2009 as “a demonstration place for intangible cultural heritage and intangible cultural heritage.” In Yunqiu Mountain, this traditional festival more than a thousand years ago was retained.
The first day of February to March of the lunar calendar each year is the neutralization of Yunqiu Mountain. February 15th is the day when Yunqiu Mountain is the most prosperous. People carry the Red Flag to Yunqiu Mountain to pray for incense, unprecedented prosperity!


4. The profile of the Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang and the cultural connotation, the cultural connotation of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses
The most valuable culture of the 20th century found that Dunhuang, located at the west end of the Hexi Corridor, is famous for its exquisite murals and statues. It was built in the former Qin Dynasty of the Sixteen Kingdoms. After the construction of the 16th countries, the Northern Dynasties, the Sui, Tang, Fifth Dynasties, Xixia, Yuan and other generations, a huge scale was formed. There are 735 caves. The quality color plastic 2415 is the largest and most rich Buddhist art sacred place in the world. There are more than 50,000 ancient cultural relics found in the Tibetan Scripture Cave in modern times. From this, Dunhuang Studies, which derives the disciplines of Tibetan scriptures and Dunhuang art. In 1961, it was announced as one of the first national key cultural relics protection units. In 1987, he was listed as a World Cultural Heritage.
Terracotta Warriors Pit is the funeral pit of Qin Shihuang’s Mausoleum, located at L500 meters on the east side of the cemetery. The funeral pit of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang sat west to east, and the three pits were arranged in shape. The earliest discovery was the number one figurine pit, which was rectangular, 230 meters long, 62 meters wide north to south, about 5 meters deep, with a total area of u200bu200b14,260 square meters. There were slopes on all sides, and there was a mining pit on the left and right sides. No. 2 pit and No. 3 pit. The layout of the figurines is reasonable and the structure is strange. In the bottom of the pit at about 5 meters deep, a load -bearing wall of the East and West in every 3 meters, the terracotta warriors and horses are arranged in the excessive hole between the walls of the wall.
The most samurai figurines in the figurine pit are about 1.7 meters tall and the highest 1.9 meters. Toma is about 1.5 meters high, with a length of about 2 meters. People, carriages and arms are artistic reproduction through realistic methods. Most of the Qin War figurines holding bronze weapons, including bow, crossbow, arrows, 铍, spear, Ge, 殳, sword, machete, and pupae. Bronze weapons have been buried in the ground for more than 2,000 years due to rust -proof treatment. They are still bright and sharp. They are actual combat weapons at the time. They are wearing fine armor with armor and spikes with color lines on their chests. The military officers wearing long crowns, and the number of generals was many. Qin figurine’s face, fat, expression, eyebrows, eyes and age are different.

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Mogao Grotto Mogao Grottoes, commonly known as Qianfo Cave, located in Dunhuang City, the west end of the Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province. Makes and statues are famous for the world. The former Qin Dynasty, which was built in the sixteenth kingdoms, has been built after the construction of the Sixteen Kingdoms, the Northern Dynasties, the Sui, Tang, Fifth Dynasties, Xixia, Yuan and other generations, forming a huge scale. Caimang 2415 is the largest and most rich Buddhist art sacred place in the world. Dragon Gate, Yungang Grottoes and Maijishan Grottoes are collectively referred to as the four major grottoes in China.There are more than 50,000 ancient cultural relics found in the Tibetan Scripture Cave in modern times. From this, Dunhuang Studies, which derives the disciplines of Tibetan scriptures and Dunhuang art.In 1961, it was announced as one of the first national key cultural relics protection units.In 1987, it was listed as a World Cultural Heritage